Homeowners insurance companies expend a large amount of effort determining the cost of replacing homes and base their rates largely on these estimates. In addition, they consider other factors, such as liability risk, crime rates, and frequency of severe weather. While the calculation of homeowners insurance rates is complex, much of the pricing relates to the location and replacement cost of the structure.
Why Location Matters
Insurance companies study the claim’s history for geographical regions and assign premiums in part according to the level of risk the area poses. They consider broad regions, such as the Southeast U.S. versus the Northeast U.S., because of differing weather patterns: Many areas of the Southeast experience hurricanes and other torrential storms that are uncommon or nonexistent in the West.
In addition, insurance companies factor in whether you live in a rural versus urban neighborhood. Densely populated areas experience more claims than areas where neighbors live far away because of the increased risk of fires. In addition, a home in a high crime area costs more to insure than a similarly priced home in a low crime area. This is because the chances of claims from vandalism or theft are much higher.
For those who live in areas prone to floods, earthquakes, or mudslides, the impact on your insurance rates might be not so obvious at first. Because coverage for these events requires separate policies, so your homeowners insurance premiums for the standard coverage remain similar to other locations.
Nonetheless, you must consider purchasing additional policies to cover these events, which can severely damage or destroy a home. Before buying in a location where these disasters occur, determine if insurers write these policies in that area and the cost.
The Replacement Cost of the Home and What Affects It
While it may seem counterintuitive, the market price of your home is largely irrelevant to your homeowners insurance premiums. The market value matters little because the insurance policy covers the cost of replacing the home, not repurchasing it.
For example, you might buy a house for $500,000, a price that factors in the price of the land, home, neighborhood amenities, school system, living environment, and other considerations that have nothing to do with the cost of repairing or replacing the structure.
Though the market value of a home may be $500,000, the cost to replace the home were it to burn to the ground might be just $250,000. In that case, half the market cost was for the land and location. Another home may also have a market value of $500,000 but cost $400,000 to replace. In that case, the home is worth more relative to the land and location.
Insurance companies consider the details of your home in calculating the replacement cost. Some of the factors they examine include the following:
- Age of the Structure
- Roof type
- Electrical System
- Building Materials
- Amenities, such as swimming pools
- Value of the Home’s contents
- Presence of certain dog breeds
No one-size-fits-all approach is applicable when it comes to determining homeowners insurance premiums. Each property has different characteristics that play into the replacement cost and level of risk. Insurance companies develop detailed actuary tables that help them pinpoint the premium for different properties. Though all insurance companies consider similar factors, they may differ in how they price them, so it always pays to obtain quotes from multiple companies.